There are currently 11 states in the United States of America who are classified as “Sanctuary States” for illegal immigrants. Within these states, are cities who have adopted policies to protect illegal immigrants from having their immigration status investigated by federal authorities. These cities are known as “Sanctuary Cities,” which can be defined as the following:
a city in which the local government and police protect undocumented immigrants and refugees from deportation by federal authorities:sanctuary cities where law enforcement cannot question crime suspects about their immigration status.
And in 2017, CNN described Sanctuary Cities as being:
…applied to jurisdictions that have policies in place designed to limit cooperation with or involvement in federal immigration enforcement actions. Cities, counties and some states have a range of informal policies as well as actual laws that qualify as “sanctuary” positions.
Most of the policies center around not cooperating with federal law enforcement on immigration policies. Many of the largest cities in the country have forms of such policies.
In short, Sanctuary Cities are jurisdictions in which federal immigration laws are obstructed and essentially violated. These locations harbor migrants who break federal immigration laws and arrive here illegally or overstay their visas. In fact, in many of these states, entire counties are illegal immigrant sanctuaries.
- New Jersey
- New Mexico
- New York
These are the states from this list with the most Sanctuary Cities & Counties:
In total, there are 30 counties who are illegal immigrant sanctuaries in Oregon. There are only 36 counties in the entire state. In addition, the cities of Eugene and Springfield are also sanctuaries.
Local politicians in the state of Washington have created 18 sanctuary counties for illegal immigrants in that state, including King County, home to the state’s largest city Seattle. Seattle also classifies itself as a Sanctuary City. The state has 39 counties in total.
The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania is home to 15 Sanctuary Counties for illegal immigrants. While Pennsylvania is at the top of this list, the concentration of illegal immigrant sanctuaries is far less than the above states listed, as there are 67 counties in the state. Philadelphia is also classified as a Sanctuary City.
The Golden State is tied with Pennsylvania on this list, with 15 Sanctuary Counties. But like Pennsylvania, the state has far more counties than Oregon & Washington, with a total of 58. The cities of Los Angeles, San Francisco, Oakland, Berkley, Watsonville, and Santa Ana are Sanctuary Cities.
The Centennial State rounds out the top 5 on this list, with 13 Sanctuary Counties. There are 64 counties in the state. The city of Aurora is also a Sanctuary City.
Aside from being a flagrant violation of the country’s immigration laws, the existence of these sanctuaries creates potentially dangerous environments for the legal residents and citizens who live there. When it becomes local policy to shield lawbreakers from scrutiny, the slippery slope inevitably leads to letting criminals who are capable of much worse than illegal immigration walk the streets freely. This puts Law Enforcement and their communities at increased, unnecessary, and completely avoidable risk. Most of all, these sanctuaries only incentivize and perpetuate the illegal immigration crisis that this country is currently being subjected to.
Image Credit: Photo by Maria Oswalt on Unsplash
Arguments in favor of sanctuary cities include the concept that the removal of fear of deportation allows undocumented immigrants to feel safe reporting crime, leading to statistically lower crime rates in some of these cities. However, while the benefits for those who are on the path to obtaining legal citizenship are numerous, the fact remains that these sanctuary cities can still obstruct departments from removing unwanted criminal offenders from a country in which they are residing illegally. Here’s a closer look at sanctuary cities pros and cons.